Lesson Eleven

Idiomatic Modals

These verb phrases are a little unusual and sometimes hard to use:

Idiomatic Modal
Picture
Example in a sentence
(be) going to

future

(similar to "will")

garden

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They're going to do some work in their garden.

Main verb is in the simple form

S + (be) going to _______

I am going to do We are going to do
You are going to do You are going to do
He is going to do  
She is going to do They are going to do
It is going to do  

negative: (be) + not + going to

am not / isn't / aren't going to

(be) able to

possibility

(similar to "can")

penguin swimming

A penguin is a bird that is also able to swim, but it's unable to fly.

Main verb is in the simple form

S + (be) able to _________

I am able to swim We are able to swim
You are able to swim You are able to swim
He is able to swim  
She is able to swiim They are able to swim
It is able to swim  

negative: (be) + not + able to

or....(be) + unable

am not / isn't / aren't able to

have to

necessity

(similar to "must")

woman cleaning bathroom

She has to clean the bathroom. She also has to do some other chores around the house.

Main verb is in the simple form

S + has or have to ________

I have to clean We have to clean
You have to clean You have to clean
He has to clean  
She has to clean They have to clean
It has to clean  

Negative: don't/doesn't have to

Notice the negative requires the verb "do"

will = (be) going to

 

can = (be) able to

 

must = have to

 

Next: Lesson Twelve