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R
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CHAT   chat

 

DICTATION   

EAR   +   HAND


 

 

Yellow Level

Lesson Four:

The Present Perfect Tense -- Negative

S + have or has + not + past participle

Singular
Plural
I have not worked
We have not worked
You have not worked
You have not worked
He has not worked
She has not worked
They have not worked
It has not worked

Notice the use of "has" for a man, a woman, or a thing.

Also, it's important to know the irregular past participles.

 

Most Americans use the contracted form:

have + not = haven't   /   has + not = hasn't

Singular
Plural
I haven't worked
We haven't worked
You haven't worked
You haven't worked
He hasn't worked
She hasn't worked
They haven't worked
It hasn't worked

 

 

More Examples of the Present Perfect - Negative

I have not been to China.

(contraction: I haven't been to China.)

main verb: be

Your English teacher

You have not been to China, either.

(contraction: haven't been)

main verb: be

student

He has not played this game before. This is the first time.

(contraction: hasn't played)

main verb: play

boy playing

She has not cleaned the bathroom in a week. Now she's cleaning it.

(contraction: hasn't cleaned)

main verb: clean

woman cleaning the bathroom

The banana has not turned brown yet. It's still yellow.

(contraction: hasn't turned)

main verb: turn

banana

We have not visited China. Never in our lives have we been there.

(contraction: haven't visited)

main verb: visit and been.

Notice that you can also make the present perfect negative by using "never."

Your English teacher

I + you = we

student

You have not finished your lunch yet.

(contraction: haven't finished)

main verb: finish

couple in restaurant

They have not marched in the Minnesota State Fair Parade before. This is their first time.

(contraction: haven't marched)

main verb: march

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Next: Lesson Five

 

 

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present perfect tense with negative contractions in

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