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U.S. Citizenship




 Vowels and consonants



The word of the day is...



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Infinitives are very common in English. They look like this:

to be, to do, to eat, to leave, to imagine, to believe,

to hope, to plan, to finish, to go

The word "to" goes before the simple form of a verb when creating an infinitive. Infinitives can function as nouns in a sentence, so they might be used in the position of a subject or in the position of an object:

  • To be a good student requires discipline. (to be = subject)
  • I want to eat some Thai food. (to eat = object)

Remember that the word "to" is also used as a preposition. This is one reason why students need to learn to identify infinitives whenever they appear.

Learn about infinitives in Red Level Lesson Seventeen.

It's necessary for new students to learn about time expressions. These are words and phrases that help you talk about periods of time.

Here's a new quiz for conjunctions. I just uploaded it this morning.

Conjunctions are small words that join words, phrases, and clauses together.

Here are the most common coordinating conjunctions:

and, but, or, yet, so

The words for and nor are also coordinating conjunctions but they are used less frequently.

Click here to learn about conjunctions. This is your lesson for today.

Adjectives are words used with nouns. It's possible to speak in English without adjectives, but it would be very difficult.

Here are some examples:

  • Sarah has many friends. (adjective: many)
  • Ali eats cold cereal for breakfast. (adjective: cold)
  • It's important to learn how to use a computer. (adjective: important)
  • A mysterious woman wearing dark sunglasses entered the hotel lobby. (adjectives: mysterious, dark, hotel)
  • This is so easy! (adjective: so)

You can learn more about adjectives in the Video Lessons section.

You have probably noticed that we are featuring Purple Level lessons this month for the Word of the Day. There are two reasons for this. First, the Word of the Day section is being rewritten. There are also some missing audio recordings, so they're being added. Second, the words featured in the Purple Level represent basic English. These are all verbs. For you these verbs might not seem basic, but they are. They're are also difficult verbs to use because many of them are irregular. I think it's important for beginning level students to study irregular verbs as soon as possible.

The word of the day is "dress." This is simple word, but there are many different ways to use it.

A popular way of talking about the future is to use the "going to" future. It's formed like this:

S + (be) going to _______.

The subject determines the verb "be" (am, is, or are), and the main verb is in the simple form.

Contrast these sentences with the ones that I showed you yesterday.

  • I am going to be here all day.
  • You are going to do your homework after school.
  • Joe is going to find a new job.
  • Berenice is going to learn to speak French.
  • It is going to take two hours to get to the lake.

Learn more about the "going to" future in Red Level Lesson Twelve.

The future tense can be formed by using the modal verb "will" with a main verb in the simple form.

  • I will be here all day.
  • You will do your homework after school.
  • Joe will find a new job.
  • Berenice will learn to speak French.
  • It will take two hours to get to the lake.

Learn about the future tense in Red Level Lesson Eleven.

Here's a new video for modal verbs:


Red Level students learn how to use a lot, some, and any today.

To talk about small amounts, use "a little" or "a few." But you must be careful when making a choice. Learn more in Lesson Nine.

Learn to use the adjectives "many" and "much" in Lesson Eight.

There are some interesting ways to use the verb "do" as a main verb. You can learn about this in Red Level Lesson Seven.

Today's Red Level lesson is on object pronouns.

Your lesson for today is on forming questions with the verb "do."

The word of the day is "furniture."

Knowing how to form commands is useful when you need to tell someone what to do. The way you do this is to start with a verb in the simple form and follow that with an object, or a prepositional phrase, or an infinitive.

  • Get the newspaper. (object)
  • Get into the car. (preposition)
  • Try to find a parking space. (infinitive)

Red Level Lesson Three shows students how the verb "do" is used as a helping verb for both the present tense and the past tense when making verbs negative and when forming questions.

The word of the day is "put." Notice that I'm posting links to the Purple Level this month. I think it's useful for new students to become familiar with basic verbs in English as early as possible because they can be difficult. Most of the verbs included in the Purple Level are irregular.

Today's reading assignment: Bill works as a handyman.

To make a verb negative in the present tense or the past tense, add "not" to the helping verb, do, does, or did.

Present Tense:

  • He has a car.
  • He doesn't have a car.
  • They work on the weekends.
  • They don't work on the weekends.

Past Tense:

  • He had a car.
  • He didn't have a car.
  • They worked on the weekends.
  • They didn't work on the weekends.

You can learn more about this in Red Level Lesson Two.

If you are studying in the Red Level this month, be sure to work in the reading lessons as well. Red Level Reading Lesson number two: Donna and Bill had lunch together. Try to complete the reading lessons in order, one for each day of the month.

When students complete the Blue Level, they move forward to the Red Level beginning with Lesson One.

Each course level on this website has a checklist. Print out and keep the checklist next to your computer, tablet, or phone and use it to track your progress as you move through the lessons:


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