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B19 Count And Noncount Nouns

Lesson Nineteen

Count and Noncount Nouns

Count Nouns
Noncount Nouns
SINGULAR

PLURAL

 

 

traffic

traffic

a car

cars (plural)

a chair

chairs

 furniture

an apple

apples

fruit

a camera

four cameras

video equipment

count nouns use singular and plural verbs and pronouns:
noncount nouns use only singular verbs and pronouns:

There is an apple. (singular)

There are some apples. (plural)

There is some fruit. (singular verb)

I like that chair. (“that” is singular).

She likes those chairs. (“those” is plural)

I like that furniture.

I like those furniture. (no!)

A car is an expensive thing to own. Cars are an expensive form of transportation.

Traffic is heavy today. (singular verb)
Apples taste good Fruit tastes good.
Digital cameras make photography easy. They are fun to use. TV stations have a lot of video equipment. It is expensive.
The camera is very nice. The equipment are nice. (no!)

 

Asking questions for an amount or a number:

Count Nouns
Noncount Nouns
How many chairs are there? How many chairs are there? How much furniture is there?

There is one chair

There are two chairs

 There is a lot of furniture

How many cameras are there? How many cameras are there? How much equipment is there?

There’s one camera

There are four cameras

There’s a lot of video equipment

 

Only count nouns can take a number:

There is one camera.

There are four cameras.

Noncount nouns don’t use numbers:

There is some equipment.

There is a lot of equipment.

Knowing the difference between count and noncount nouns will make your English sound much better. Below are words and phrases that can be used with count and noncount nouns. As you continue through the next levels, you will probably need to come back to this page.

count nouns
noncount nouns
a (singular) — (no article)
the (singular and plural) the
some some
a lot of a lot of
many (large numbers) much (large numbers)
a few (3 to 4) a little (small number)
few (a very small number) little (a very small number)
fewer (comparative) less (comparative)
fewest (superlative) least (superlative)
not many (a small number) not much (a small number)
not any (zero) not any (zero)

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