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DICTATION   

EAR   +   HAND


 


 

 

Lesson Twelve

The Past Tense

There are two types of past tense verbs:

regular verbs: add "ed" to the simple form

irregular verbs: don't add "ed"

Regular Verbs
Irregular Verbs
simple
past
simple
past
work
worked
be
was/were
live
lived
get
got
move
moved
go
went
walk
walked
put
put
open
opened
eat
ate
wait
waited
have
had

Remember to   write by hand

 
As you can see, regular verbs add ed to make the past tense (work / worked) and irregular verbs change their form entirely (go / went). The most important verb to learn first in the past tense is "be."

Be - Past Tense

Singular
Plural
I was
We were
You were
You were
He was
They were
She was
It was

write by hand

I was at school yesterday.

We were in New York last week.

It was cold this morning.

 

Only the verb "be" changes its form for singular or plural. All the other verbs, regular and irregular use one form in the past tense, which makes this tense easy to use for making statements. More practice with this important verbs comes in Lesson 16.

Regular Verb: Learn

Subject + _____ed

Singular
Plural
I learned
We learned
You learned
You learned
He learned
They learned
She learned
It learned

 

 

 To make the negative, use "did" + "not" (didn't) + the main verb in the simple form:
Singular
Plural
I did not learn
We did not learn
You did not learn
You did not learn
He did not learn
They did not learn
She did not learn
It did not learn

 

Irregular Verb: Have

Subject + ________

(irregular verbs take many different forms in the past tense)

Singular
Plural
I had
We had
You had
You had
He had
They had
She had
It had

 

Irregular verbs must be memorized because they change their form completely. Click here for a list of commonly used irregular verbs, print it out, and commit them to memory.

 

Review:

The Past Tense describes the things you did yesterday, last year, back in February, in 1973, or an hour ago.

Regular verbs, such as learn, take an "ed" ending after the subject.

work---worked, learn---learned, visit---visited

Irregular verbs change their form entirely or not at all.

eat---ate, go---went, be---was/were, hit---hit, cut---cut

The form of the past tense is not dependent on the subject. See the example below:

write by hand

Regular Verb - work:
pic
I worked yesterday.
Irregular Verb - eat:
I ate breakfast earlier.
Regular Verb - work:
student
You worked yesterday.
Irregular Verb - eat:
You ate breakfast earlier.
Regular Verb
office worker
He worked yesterday.
Irregular Verb:
He ate breakfast earlier.
Regular Verb
English student
She worked yesterday.
Irregular Verb:
She ate lunch an hour ago.

Regular Verb - like:

eating
The cat liked her food.
Irregular Verb - eat:
She ate her food.
Regular Verb - arrive:
   pic  I + you = we student
We arrived on time.
Irregular Verb - be:
We were on time.
Regular Verb - share:
English
You shared a milkshake.
Irregular Verb - have:
You had a nice lunch.
Regular Verb - visit:
Learn English
They visited the beach.
Irregular Verb - go / eat:
They went to the beach and ate popsicles.

Try this dictation exercise:

Click here for a quiz.  

 

Next: Lesson Thirteen


   
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