this / that / these / those
A thing or a person is close
This = singular
A thing or a person is far
That = singular
Things or people are close
These = plural
Things or people are far
Those = plural
Close = x...y
This pencil in my hand is
These pencils are not very
Far = x..............................y
That car across the street
Those cars in the parking lot
Take these stairs to get to those buildings.
That blue building in the middle
of this picture is very tall.
The video below might help:
"That" is often contracted with the singular form
of the verb "be"
That is a window. = That's a window.
That is my friend, Tom. = That's my friend, Tom.
"That's" usually sounds much better than to say, "That is."
"That" can't be contracted in the plural form:
This, these, and those can't take contractions.
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