Lesson One

Do - Present Tense

Singular
Plural
I do
We do
You do
You do
He does
 
She does
They do
It does
 

 

The verb "do" can be used to make a statement:

I do the laundry every weekend.

...but it is usually used to make the present tense or the past tense negative:

I don't have any money.

He didn't go to the store yesterday.

It's also used when making questions:

Do you know what time it is?

Does he have a coat?

Here's a YouTube video:

Statement: I wear glasses

Negative: I don't see well without my glasses.

Question: Do you wear glasses?

outside I

Statement: You speak French.

Negative: You don't speak Chinese.

Question: Do you speak Vietnamese?

jeanyou

Statement: He works on a computer at work.

Negative: He doesn't work outside.

Question: Does he like his job?

computerhe

Statement: She rides a bike to work.

Negative: She doesn't have a car.

Question: Does she wear a helmet?

Answer: Yes, she does. (notice the answer to the question uses "do." )

womanshe

Statement: It looks ripe. (ripe=ready to eat).

Negative: It doesn't grow in the winter in Minnesota.

Question: Does it grow in the spring?

Answer: Yes, it does.

strawberries

a strawberry = it

Statement: We live in Minnesota.

Negative: We don't live in Canada.

Question: Do we like Minnesota?

Yes, we do.  Or....

Yes, we like Minnesota.

outside    we

student

Statement: You play football.

Negative: You don't play tennis.

Question: Do you play football all year long?

No, we don't. We play in the fall.

football

You

Statement: They walk their dogs every day.

Negative: They don't take their cats for a walk.

Question: Do they walk their dogs on a leash.

Yes, they do.

people

They

 

The verb "do" is a very important verb. We use it to make the present tense, the present tense negative, and for asking questions.

Examples:

I do many things on the weekend. (present tense, "do" is the main verb)

He doesn't like to go to the store. (present tense negative, "like" is the main verb)

Do you want to see a movie? (present tense question, "want" is the main verb)

"Do" is often used as a main verb, but only for particular activities, such as housework, cleaning, studying, research, and shopping.

Examples:

I do the dishes every night. (do = wash)

She does her grocery shopping at Cub. (do = go/finish)

They do their homework at the library. (do = complete)

 

The past tense form of "do" is "did."

Examples:

I did the dishes last night.

She did her grocery shopping at Cub.

 

"Do" is also used for creating emphasis:

Example:

A: You don't like this very much.

B: No. I do like it!

 

 

Next: Lesson Two

 
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