teacher

Complete lessons in order:

1
Questions with Did (past tense)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
The Future Perfect Tense
26
The Eight Parts of Speech
27
English Verb Tenses
28
Irregular Verbs: Be / Do / Have
R
R
Yellow Level Review, Part 2

Past Participles

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Orlando -- Brazil
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Amir -- Iran

Past Participles

There are three main uses for past participles in English:

1. Perfect Tenses - I have broken my arm.

2. Adjectives: My window is broken.

3. The Passive Voice: My window was broken by that boy with the rock. (Learn about the passive voice in the Green Level.)

Don't confuse the past participle with the present participle or continuous form: breaking

 

 

Understanding how the past participle works and remembering how to conjugate irregular verbs will improve your English.

Regular verbs are easy to remember. Just add "ed"

work / worked / worked

Remember that the past tense and the past participle for regular verbs are the same: worked / worked

Irregular verbs must be remembered. See the table below. Click here for a printer friendly verstion. The best way to remember these verbs is to write them out by hand in your noteboook.

write by hand

Irregular Verbs

Simple
Past
Past Participle
be
was/were
been
become
became
become
begin
began
begun
blow
blew
blown
break
broke
broken
build
built
built
buy
bought
bought
catch
caught
caught
come
came
come
cost
cost
cost
cut
cut
cut
do
did
done
drink
drank
drunk
drive
drove
driven
eat
ate
eaten
feel
felt
felt
find
found
found
fly
flew
flown
forget
forgot
forgotten
freeze
froze
frozen
get
got
gotten
give
gave
given
go
went
gone
have
had
had
hear
heard
heard
hit
hit
hit
hold
held
held
hurt
hurt
hurt
keep
kept
kept
know
knew
known
lay
laid
laid
lead
led
led
leave
left
left
lend
lent
lent
let
let
let
lie
lied
lied
lose
lost
lost
make
made
made
meet
met
met
pay
paid
paid
put
put
put
read
read
read
ride
rode
ridden
ring
rang
rung
run
ran
run
say
said
said
see
saw
seen
sell
sold
sold
send
sent
sent
show
showed
shown
sit
sat
sat
sleep
slept
slept
speak
spoke
spoken
spend
spent
spent
stand
stood
stood
swim
swam
swum
take
took
taken
teach
taught
taught
tell
told
told
think
thought
thought
throw
threw
thrown
understand
understood
understood
wear
wore
worn
win
won
won
write
wrote
written

Here's a video I made for irregular past participles.

Pronunciation practice here is important.

 

Go back to the Yellow Level

 

 

 

 

 

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