The past participle is the main verb. To learn more about past participles go here.
In the passive voice, the subject receives the action. In other words, the subject doesn’t really do anything. Action is completed by someone or something else.
He‘spaid every other Friday.(present tense)
She waspaid last Friday. (past tense)
A new house is beingbuilt across the street. (present continuous tense)
A big mess has beenmade in the kitchen. (present perfect)
The movie will beshown at 10:00. (future tense)
The Passive Voice is not easy when you first learn it. The key to understanding the passive voice comes when you practice changing a sentence from the active voice to the passive voice. There will be a lot of sentences to practice later in this lesson.
Active Voice: The man threw the pancake up in the air.
Passive Voice. The pancake was thrownup in the air by the man.
The first sentence sounds better. The second sentence sounds a little strange.
However, sometimes the passive voice sounds much better than the active voice.
Passive Voice: He was born in China.
Active Voice: His mother bore him in China.
bear / bore / born
bore = past tense
born = past participle
The sentence in the passive voice sounds good. The second sentence in the active voice sounds really, really bad. Sometimes only the passive voice is used when speaking or writing, and this is why it’s so important to understand.