Lesson Two

the main verb

write

Where there are two or more verbs in a verb phrase, it’s necessary to identify the main verb.

Once you identify the main verb, it’s a good idea to consider the simple form of the main verb.

  • He has a new phone. (main verb: have)
  • This is a great book. (main verb: be)
  • They are going to the grocery store. (main verb: go)

The simple form of a verb is also called the base form or the infinitive:

simple past past participle
be
was / were
been
go
went
gone
have
had
had
find
found
found
lived
lived
lived
study
studied
studied

The main verb changes depending on the tense of the verb:

  • She goes to school. (present tense)
  • She went to school yesterday. (past tense)
  • She is going to school right now. (present continuous tense)
  • She will go to school tomorrow. (future tense)
  • She has gone to three different schools in the course of her lifetime. (present perfect tense)

In each of the sentences above, we can say that they main verb is "go." It’s good practice to Identify the main verb in the simple form.

What’s the main verb in each of these sentences and questions?

write in your notebook

Example: She is making dinner.  make 

1. Charles has finished his homework. ________

2. She has broken her arm. ________

3. What are you going to do tomorrow? ________

4. That man is being mean to the dog. ________

5. Stop talking!

6. They’re talking about the teacher. ________

7. Have you found a new apartment? ________

8. Tina was so happy! ________

9. Bob should have studied more. ________

10. What did you do yesterday?

 

Next: Lesson Three

 

Answers: 1. finish; 2. break; 3. do; 4. be; 5. stop; 6. stop; 7. talk;

8. be; 9. study; 10. do