Use the word "sad" if you are not feeling happy.


  • He’s sad.
  • She feels sad.
  • Why are you so sad today?

To change the adjective to an adverb, add "ly" to the end of "sad."

  • Sadly, she was not accepted into the college.
  • The former champion golfer finished sadly in last place.
  • We learned, sadly, that his death was not only unexpected, but it was also painful at the end.

As a verb, the word "sad" changes to "sadden."

simplepastpast participle
  • The tragedy saddened everyone in the town. (This sentence is in the past tense.)
  • We were saddened to hear about your loss. (This sentence is in the past tense, passive voice.)
  • It saddens her to think about what happened to her brother. (This sentence is in the present tense.)

The noun form of this word is "sadness."

  • Mary was overcome with sadness when her dog died.
  • A heavy feeling of sadness spread throughout the company after the owner announced that it would close.
  • Sadness suddenly changed to happiness when they discovered their son was alive.

There is one thing to mention about the word "sad" when it’s used as an adjective. Sometimes people use it to describe something that is pathetic.

  • That’s a sad-looking house.
  • This pizza is sad. The crust is gooey and the cheese isn’t entirely cooked.
  • The party we went to was sad. No one was there.
  • It’s so sad that she can’t get her life together.

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May 2, 2013