The word "penalize" is often used to describe a mild punishment that comes from government, business, or from someone in a position of authority, such as a teacher, a referee, or a judge. This word can be pronounced with a short e or a long e sound in the first syllable: penalize / penalize.
The player was penalized for hitting another player on the field.
The company was penalized for failing to meet safety regulations for employees.
The teacher penalized Ahmed for turning in his homework late.
Christine feels like she’s being penalized at work because she made a comment that her supervisor didn’t like.
The government will penalize you if you don’t pay your taxes by April 15.
The word "penalty" is a noun.
You have to pay a penalty if your taxes aren’t paid in time.
How much is the penalty for a person who doesn’t have health insurance?
American football teams are given 10-yard penalties for bad behavior on the field.
A penalty in soccer (football) may take the form of a free kick.