Use the word "state" when a person says something of importance or when the thing said has some legal purpose:
- The judge asked the defendant to state his name.
- He stated his name for everyone to hear.
- The teacher asked the students to state their last name first and their first name second.
- It’s clearly stated in this document who legally owns this property.
- He made a statement that was hard to prove. (The word "statement" is a noun.)
- Politicians are asked to clearly state their positions on the important issues of the day.
The word "state" can also be used as a noun to mean situation or condition.
- The woman was in a state of shock following the accident.
- His mental state has improved in the last year.
- They found themselves in a desperate state when they lost their jobs.
- Their state of affairs is a little messy right now.
A state can also be a self-governing section of a country or a country:
- What state do you live in?
- She lives in the state of Illinois.
- Vince works for the state.
- There are 50 states in the United States.
- John Kerry is the U.S. Secretary of State. (Sometimes the word "state" is used in place of the word "nation.")
- France is a sovereign state. (It’s a country that governs itself and makes its own decisions.)
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May 21, 2014