Lesson Two

have – present and past tense

Present Tense
Past Tense
I have
We have
I had
We had
You have
You have
You had
You had
He has
He had
She has
They have
She had
They had
It has
It had


I have a garden in my backyard. (present tense)

I had a garden in my backyard last year, too. (past tense)


You have some schoolwork to do.

You also had some work to do yesterday.


He has a beehive full of bees.

He had a beehive when he was a child.

Do you have any interest in bees?

beekeeper and bees

She has a fear of spiders.

Do you have a fear of anything?


They have fun playing in the water.

They had a good time in the pool last week, too.

children in pool



Present Tense
Past Tense
Do I have…
Do we have…
Did I have…
Did we have…
Do you have…
Do you have…
Did you have…
Did you have…
Does he have…
Did he have…
Does she have…
Do they have…
Did she have…
Did they have…
Does it have…
Did it have…


Present Tense – Negative

do / does + not + main verb


Past Tense – Negative

did + not + main verb

I don’t have
We don’t have
I didn’t have
We didn’t have
You don’t have
You don’t have
You didn’t have
You didn’t have
He doesn’t have
He didn’t have
She doesn’t have
They don’t have
She didn’t have
They didn’t have
It doesn’t
It didn’t have

It’s important to understand in the examples above that

the main verb is in the simple form: have

Be careful when answering questions that include the verb “have.”

Below are examples of how to make the present tense and

the past tense negative with verbs other than “have.”

was / were

Today I don’t have any work to do. (present tense)

Yesterday I didn’t have any work to do. (past tense)

I usually don’t eat a big breakfast. (present tense)

Yesterday I didn’t eat a big breakfast. (past tense)

I don’t see movies very often. (present tense)

I didn’t see that movie yet. (past tense)

The verb “have” is also used as an auxiliary verb (or you can call it a “helping verb”) when making the present perfect tense.

To make the present perfect:

has or have + the past participle

You will learn more about this in Lesson Three.

He has finished his beer.

There isn’t any beer left in the glass.


Next: Lesson Threethe present perfect tense