differences in 3+ things or 3+ people
Add “est” or “most” when forming superlative adjectives.
(What is an adjective?)
The lion is the biggest animal in this group.
(There are three animals)
The lion is also the most dangerous animal in this group.
Remember: The superlative form is used to show the difference among three or more things or people in a group.
There are rules for using the superlative form. The table below will help you.
two-syllable words ending in y
two syllables or more not ending in y
drop the y and ad iest
use most / don’t add est
dangerous most dangerous
expensive most expensive
comfortable most comfortable
humid most humid
tired most tired
acceptable most acceptable
|There are some exceptions: good, bad, far, and fun are adjectives that don’t follow the rules when making the comparative form.
fun most fun
Never use two superlatives together on an adjective:
most cheapest most noisiest
It’s often necessary to use “the” in front of the superlative:
|1. Apples picked directly from a tree taste the best.
|2. I had the most fun at the state fair when I rode on the ferris wheel.
|3. Giraffes have the longest necks of any animal.
Sometimes an article such as “the” isn’t necessary when using the superlative. Instead, you can use the possessive form in front of the superlative.
This dog is her best friend.
Her best friend is her dog.
Click here for a quiz on comparatives and superlatives
Click here for a listening exercise.
Next: Lesson Eight