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Vocabulary

U.S. Citizenship


 

 


 

 

 1. She's sitting by her computer and talking on the phone.

(by = next to)

woman working

 2. These beautiful buildings are by the water.

Would you like to live or work by a river or a lake?

water

 3. These office buildings are by a park.

city scene

 4. They're sitting by each other and watching a movie.

couple at movie

 5. You can learn English by going online.

(by = method. When "by" means method or way, it's usually followed by a gerund.)

What's a gerund?

 

learning online

 6. You can split wood by using an axe.

splitting wood
 7. He's a loan shark. By making loans at high interest rates, he has become very rich.
loanshark
8. He's a surfer. He rides on ocean waves by using a surfboad. surfer

 9. You can get around this city very easily by bus.

(by = method of transportation: ...by bus, ....by train, .....by car, .....by taxi, .....by plane, etc.)

bus
10. The fastest way to get around this city is by subway. subway train

11. He needs to get to his meeting by 5:30.

(by = before)

getting to work

12. These buildings used to stand side-by-side until they fell down.

(side-by-side = together)

towers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepositions

about 

above 

across 

after  

along 

amid  

among 

around 

at

before 

below  

beside 

beyond 

but  

by 

despite  

down  

except  

for

in

inside  

into 

near 

of

off 

on

onto 

out

over 

past 

per  

to

under 

until  

upon  

via  

with 

within 

 

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