Lesson Eight

Many & Much

 Many is used with count nouns: Q: How many apples are there?A: There are many apples in this picture. Q: How many chairs are there?A: There are two chairs. Q: How many bees are there?A: Hundreds. Maybe thousands! Q: How many apples are there in this picture?A: There is only one apple. Q: How many men are there in this picture?A: There aren’t any. There is only one woman.

 Much is used with noncount nouns: Q: How much fruit is there?A: There’s a lot of fruit. Q: How much water is in the glass?A: It’s almost full. There’s a lot of water in the glass. Q: How much traffic is there this morning?A: There’s a lot of traffic. The cars aren’t moving very fast. Q: How much fishing does he do?A: He does a lot of fishing on the weekend. Q: How much beer is there in his glass?A: There isn’t any. It’s all gone.

Now, watch this video:

 Count NounsSingular or Plural Noncount Nouns(Don’t use in plural form) carapplemachinefactchairdollarminute(Only use an article with these: a or the) carsapplesmachinesfactschairsdollarsminutes(These plural count nouns use “many“) trafficfruitmachineryinformationfurnituremoneytime(These use “much“) It’s important to understand the difference between noncount and count nouns when using many and much. Noncount nouns are often used to describe large categories while count nouns are usually more specific. Examples:There is a car in the street. (singular count noun)Question: How many cars are in the street?Answer: There are a few cars in the street (plural count noun)Question: How much traffic is there?Answer: There is a lot of traffic. (noncount noun)Noncount nouns always use a singular verb. Count nouns are singular or plural.Much and Many are usually used with the negative: Examples:There aren’t many students in the classroom. (perhaps 4 or 5 students)There isn’t much food in the refrigerator. ( a small amount of food)Any + not, never, or without expresses zero: Examples:There aren’t any students in the classroom (zero)There isn’t any food in the refrigerator. It’s empty.He went outside without any shoes. (There are no shoes on his feet.)They never want to eat any vegetables or drink any milk.Much and Many are usually not used in the affirmative: Examples:There are many apples in the basket. It sounds better to say…There are a lot of apples in the basket.There is much milk in the refrigerator. It sounds better to say… There is a lot of milk in the refrigerator.

Practice using many / much here

Take a quiz on many / much here
Next: Lesson Nine
a few and a little