The Eight Parts of Speech
Now that you have almost finished the first three levels of this program, I want you to think about the eight parts of speech. When you study a language, it helps to label the different parts of a sentence or a question with the following terms:
This is the classic list of terms that teachers use when talking about the eight parts of speech, but I also like to mention articles as well because they are so important in English.
If you still need help understanding what these words do in a sentence, go back to the lessons in which they are explained.
|Nouns: These are words that function as subject, objects, and objects of prepositions. A noun is a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.
|Pronouns: These are words that can take the place of a noun. Words like "he," "him," "his," and pronouns. It important to know the differences among subject, object, possessive, and reflexive pronouns.
|Verbs: These words describe the action or inaction in a sentence. The key to understanding English well is to focus on the way verbs change. You have probably already noticed that most of the lessons here are about verbs and the various tenses in which they are found.
|Adjectives: Use adjectives to provide information about nouns. Adjectives describe color, size, degree, depth, quality, etc.
|Adverbs: These are words that you use to describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
|Conjunctions: Join ideas and words together with the use of conjunctions. There are many different kinds, but the two basic groups of conjunctions are coordinating and subordinating.
|Prepositions: These small yet important words indicate position, location, and relationships.
Interjections: One-word responses and exclamations are interjections. these are words such as "wow," "hey," and "yeah." This is the least important among the eight parts of speech. It’s much more important, for instance, to learn about articles.
Look at the sentence below. Can you identify the eight parts of speech?
A brown fox jumped quickly and silently over the seven lazy dogs.
A – article
brown – adjective
fox – noun
jumped – verb
quickly – adverb
and – conjunction
silently – adverb
over – preposition
the – article
seven – adjective
lazy – adjective
dogs – noun
Are you ready for a quiz?
Next: Lesson Twenty-seven